1. Where are the mines?
a. See here and the map to the right.
b. Lists in depth where mines are located county by county - page 27
2. How many are there?
a. 24 metal mine locations (the state counts mines that abut each other as one)
b. 24 industrial mineral mine locations
c. 6 oil fields
d. 12 geothermal power plants e. See here
3. What is being mined at each location?
4. Who is doing the mining?
a. A list of mining operators, who are also members of NVMA, can be found on the NVMA website here
5. Are there any job opportunities?
6. What are some of the uses for minerals and metals mined in Nevada?
a. Gold: Used for such things as jewelry and in high-tech equipment (satellites, medical scanners, televisions, computers, cell phones)
b. Copper: Used for piping, circuitry, high-tech equipment, and much more
c. Lithium: Used in pharmaceuticals and efficient batteries (i.e. smart cars, cell phones, laptops)
d. Molybdenum: Used to make steel stronger, lighter, more rigid and less corrosive. For instance, all stainless steel contains Moly.
e. Diatomaceous Earth: Used for such products as food and beverage filters (i.e. water, beer, wine, apple juice, syrup), pool filers, kitty litter and paint.
f. Gypsum: Used for such things as acoustical tiles and wall board
g. Lime: Used for stucco, asphalt and as a ph balancer to name some of the many applications.
7. What's the difference between taxes paid per employee by mining and other Nevada businesses?
On average, Nevada businesses pay roughly $5,500 per employee in state and local taxes. Mining pays three times that at over $18,000 per employee
8. How is tax money spent and where?
a. More than half of the Net Proceeds of Minerals tax paid in 2010 went to the state general fund and was distributed primarily on a per capita basis throughout the state. Total NPOM taxes paid were $163,994,000. This amount does not include sales and use, payroll or property taxes paid by the mining industry.
b. Historically, less than 40 percent of the total tax payments stay with local government as opposed to the state general fund and other dedicated state funds that are spent on a statewide basis. While ad valorem property taxes mostly remain in the counties where the minerals are mined, a small portion of ad valorem taxes and net proceeds taxes are allocated to state debt reduction. These tax dollars are available for city and county operations, and local education expenditures.
9. What steps does mining take to protect the environment?
a. Before any ground is disturbed, mining companies must ensure that adequate funds are available to complete reclamation and remediation of exploration and mining sites.
Check out our FAQ page for more useful information on the mining industry in Nevada